Pulling teeth- Extraction

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When teeth are damaged it is necessary to remove the damaged teeth from mouth or it can lead to damage of healthy teeth in its vicinity. The process of taking out teeth is known as “Pulling teeth”. This is also known as “Teeth extraction”.

Before antibiotics are known tooth infection are connected with many other health problem, so tooth extraction became necessary for them.


Reason for tooth extraction:

There are many reasons which require teeth extraction. Some of them are listed below

  • For some reasons if tooth is decayed or damaged and if the damaged tooth continues to persist in mouth it can lead to damage of nearby teeth. So extraction becomes necessary.

  • Teeth with abscesses & swelling.

  • In some cases presence of extra teeth hampers growth of other teeth (generally in children).

  • Extra tooth which blocks other teeth from coming out

  • Severe gum disease affecting tissue

  • Fractured teeth and teeth with fractured line needs to be extracted

  • People getting orthodontic treatment or braces need extraction of teeth for surgery to take place.

  • People getting radiation in head or neck region develop yellow teeth or discoloration of teeth. So tooth needs to be extracted. Also chemotherapy for cancer treatment can result in discoloration of tooth.

  • After organ transplant teeth become source of infection and this infection can spread to other parts of body.

  • Wisdom teeth appearance during onset of adulthood can result in severe pain and tries to take the place of other tooth, so become necessary to be extracted.

Preparation for extraction:

Dentist or surgeon takes x-ray to map the best way to remove damaged teeth without harming other teeth. Some doctors prescribe antibiotics if you have infection or weak immune system. Anaesthesia is also required for reducing pain during removal of tooth.


Generally two types of extraction process are followed:

  • Simple extraction: This type of extraction method is followed where teeth is visible inside mouth. Local anaesthesia is used. The procedure involves lifting of tooth by elevator with a back and forth movement of teeth until periodontal ligament is broken.

  • Surgical extraction: This type of extraction method is used when tooth is not accessible because of presence of gum line. Surgical extraction requires an incision and local anaesthesia. Sometimes tooth is broken down to pieces for easy extraction.


One of the major aspects of tooth extraction is the aftercare. So steps should be taken for proper healing process.

  • Blood clot formation near the extraction socket is necessary for quick healing. So steps should be taken to avoid disturbance near it.

  • Bleeding is normal after extraction and gradually decreases. So avoid damage to extraction site.

  • Take rest after extraction process. When you lie down use pillows to keep head at elevated position

  • Anaesthesia leaves teeth and mouth in a numb position so avoid chewing, sucking through straw or spitting.

  • Avoid brushing your teeth near to extraction area after extraction

  • Luke warm water gargling can reduce pain and soothes teeth.

  • Smoking and deposition of food particles should be avoided.


  • Dry socket formation can result if blood clot formation does not happen, which results in exposure to food, air and severe pain.

  • Accidental damage to nearby teeth

  • Fractured jaw

  • Long lasting numbness

Following these simple steps we can surely lead a healthy after treatment care and proper healing process after tooth extraction process.


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