Principles of Landscaping Design

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Landscape design is an independent profession and a design and art tradition practiced by landscape designers combining the nature and culture. The size of the project, the land, the budget used to finance it, the skill and talent of the landscape designer and more play an important role in a successful landscape.

There are principles of landscaping design which exist solely for the goal of making a successful aesthetically pleasing landscape. If you understand those principles then your landscaping design has a much greater chance of success.

First is unity. The principle of unity should be embraced by a good landscaping design. It’s either the theme of the landscape or the consistent or common material used in the design. For example, if one section uses red bricks and the other uses gray stones, then the landscape do not exemplify the principle of unity in turn the end product of the design will turn out horrible as they are not balanced with each other  and they do not have a common theme and color. The different textures and colors used in that example fail to give the design a cohesive look. Try to find a theme or element that you can repeat throughout your landscape design.

Second is simplicity. Simplicity is beauty. Many believed in that saying and in this case, that is indeed true. Keeping the design simple may have only a few elements and a single theme. However, if you try to exaggerate the design then you may produce a garden that looks more like a carnival funhouse than calm and beautiful oasis. Limit your theme and color selection and you will be safely on your way to a good landscaping design. Keeping it simple is a good thing since it does not hurt the eyes of the viewers of your garden.

Third is the color selection. Choosing the right colors for your landscape design is very vital since colors add depth and focus to the landscaping design. Bright colors generally make things appear closer and more confined than darker colors. Colors can direct the attention of your audience, so it the best choice to pick bright colored flowers planted in your garden in order to choose to grab and focus the attention of passersby and guests.

Lastly is regarding the proportion, line, and transitional areas. Proportion is a simple concept, and perhaps the most intuitive of all the principles. The materials you will use to design for your garden should be good to look at and will be a fit to the area of the garden. For example, if you have small yard then it is best to have a small fountain in the middle that is good for the size of the area. Keep the elements of your design in a similar scale and your design is sure to look well proportioned. The lines of your design are also a simple concept to grasp. Straight lines and hard angles are risky and they convey a forceful and rigid feel to your landscape, so it best to avoid these types of line designs. Rounded edges and curved lines are generally more pleasing to the eye and convey a softer and more comfortable feel. So they are the best choice for your landscaping design.  Transition areas designate where various elements of your design meet, and a smooth transition is integral to a pleasing landscaping design. Hasty changes are usually not preferred. Instead, gradual changes in texture, color, height, and theme can help provide the important unity and cohesion that is so important. Transition areas should harmonize both sides in order to stay united and connected with each other in accordance with the theme of your landscape design.

Sonoran Landesign has been providing award winning landscape designs and installations since 1995. Construction is full service including all landscaping needs as well as masonry and flooring. In recent years we have been voted or awarded designation as one of the top landscape design companies in the Phoenix Scottsdale area and even top 150 in the nation. If you are looking for the best landscape designer, then visit us today at:


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