In one’s life, one can experience a sudden skin condition that is uncomfortable and causes an ugly sight, like bumps and rashes on the skin. It could be rashes, inflamed skin, red patches that are cleared by taking an antihistamine. Rashes refer to variations of the skin color, or the skin smoothness and they may trigger itching, making the skin pale and dry. Hives are also signs of an allergic condition where the skin is reddish, swelling and may have a prickling feeling. The symptoms mentioned above and many more are indications of a skin allergy (hudallergi is the Danish term) or an allergic reaction to certain conditions. Skin allergies differ from person to person because our immune system is not the same.
Causes of skin allergies
An allergen is the substance or condition that causes the immune system to react and cause the skin to have noticeable responses like the rashes and hives. Contact dermatitis refers to the reaction that the skin produces after being close to an allergen. Some people do have skin reactions due to wearing particular jewels while others do not. Jewelry elements like nickel, sulfate hexhydrate in nickel and gold (gold-sodium thiosulfate) do have reactions with some people’s skins.
Other allergens include neomycin sulfate, an antibacterial component found in makeup, anti-perspirants, foodstuff for pets, sanitary liniments and thimerosal, which have some components of mercury and are found in some local sterilizing creams. Quaternium 15, a chemical found in most beauty products like hair rinse products, nail polish, and manufactured paints, may also have allergens. When the skin gets close to poison ivy or poison oak, it may react.
Handling skin allergies
To avoid constant trips to the chemist to purchase over-the-counter medications to deal with the skin allergy it is more rewarding to visit an allergist. Visiting the allergist will help one understand the different substances that the skin is most likely to react to in case of contact or ingestion. An allergist will take you through examination of different allergens to determine which ones you react to. This will help you while purchasing beauty products and general cleaning products.
There are different testing methods. One is the ‘prick test’ where the skin is injected with an allergen and then the reaction is monitored. Another method is the ‘patch test’ where a patch that contains allergens is placed on the body. The sensitivity to the allergens may be immediate or it may take a few days to manifest. During a skin allergy episode, it is wise to avoid scratching if possible. That just makes the situation worse. Shower to get the microorganism off your skin, and then use the correct medicine.
There are many anti-allergy medicines like cetirizine tablets, loratadine, piriton, Eurax cream, Betnovate RD Cream, Dermovate ointment and Diprosalic ointment among others. It is advisable to consult an allergist or a doctor before buying drugs over the counter.
It is also better to avoid products or environmental conditions that trigger the skin allergy. If heat is your skin allergy trigger, then it is good to avoid exposure to heat. General cleaning should be observed as different organisms in the house may cause an allergic skin reaction. Take time to clean the house and remove all the cobwebs and pest hideouts for better health.